Quotes and examples – the Courts

Changing precedent

Reversal

  • Byrne v Heller 1964
  • Shaddock v Parramatta City Council 1981
  • Norris v. Sibberas 1990

Overruling

  • O’Reilly v. Commissioner of State Bank of Victoria 1982
  • Baker v Campbell 1983

Disapproval

  • Searle v. Wallbank 1947
  • Brisbane v. Cross 1978
  • State Government Insurance Commission v. Trigwell 1979
  • Wrongs (Animals Straying on Highways) Act 1984

Distinguishing

  • Gillard v Wenborn (unreported)
  • Davies v Waldron 1989

Interaction between Parliament and the Courts

Leave it

  • Donoghue v Stevenson 1932
  • Grant v Australian Knitting Mills 1936

Accept and legislate

  • Mabo v Queensland 1992
  • Native Title Act 1993
  • Wik v Queensland 1996
  • Native Title Amendment Act 1998

Overrule

  • SGIC v. Trigwell 1979
  • Wrongs (Animals Straying on Highways) Act 1984

Methods of judicial interpretation

Legalism

Constitutional:
  • Amalgamated Society of Engineers vs. Adelaide Steamship Co 1920 – s 51 xxxv, 51 xx
Common Law:
  • SGIC v Trigwell 1979 – negligence

Activism

Constitutional:
  • Australian Capital Television v Commonwealth 1992 – ss 7, 24
Common Law:
  • Mabo v Queensland 1992 – native title

 

 

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